Table of content
- EV and Battery cost
- Beta Version of vehicles
- Poor infrastructure and range anxiety
- Lack of standardization
- Temperature Issues
- Very few academic and local skill awareness
- Less performance
- Will increase the electricity demand at a national level
- Environmental concerns
- Servicing is in danger
Introduction:Is it not the right time for buying an electric vehicle? Everyone can have their different opinion over this question, but in this article, we brought to you some actual concerning points that can give you a better perception for the question “Challenges with electric vehicles”.
Electric vehicles made their proper debut into the commercial vehicle market in the year 2019 with Revolt RV400 which is still the most loved/preferred electric bike in the market and after RV400, Tata launched their Nexon EV which was the next super hit product in the EV market and after that with the entrance of countless EV making startups (like Ola, Ather, Pure EV, Hero electric) the EV market in India never looked back. But still, if we see on records only 1.8% population who adopted of EV in India till 20-2021 in India (the report of 2021-22 is yet to come) which is extremely low. However, this percentage of EV penetration is growing at a very high pace (nearly by 200% every year). With this pace of EV adoption, it’s expected to achieve 30% of electric vehicles penetration till this decade.
Why these numbers are too low in India? Why are other countries like Norway, China are decades ahead of India in terms of EV penetration, what are the limitation with electric vehicles that are stopping electric vehicles from going mainstream? Let’s discuss the whole scenario point by point and see disadvantages of electric vehicles in India.
Disadvantages of electric vehicles in India:
1. EV cost and battery cost:
The cost is the most concerning point for an individual when it comes to buying an electric vehicle. However, there are many incentives given off by central and state governments. But the common condition in all policies is that the incentives are only applicable for up to a certain number of vehicles only and after removing the discount and incentives the same EV which was looking lucrative to buy suddenly becomes unaffordable. This tells that buying EV’s no more be cheaper after a certain saturation point.
It’s no more hidden from anyone that the Li-ion battery in electric vehicles is built to last till 6-7 years or hardly 8 years and after the battery decay period of an electric vehicle battery its user remains with no other choice than to buy a newer battery which costs nearly 3/4 th of the whole vehicle cost.
Battery cost is going to be a pressing issue for the EV buyers because electric vehicles are new to both market and customers the battery issue requires at least 5 years to surface this will going to be impacted in a long run.
2. Beta version of vehicles:
Right now, both the technology and companies are new to the market and the products they are manufacturing are possibly facing real costumers for the first time. And it’s nearly impossible to make such a complex product like an automobile perfect for the customers in the first go, and as expected the buyers faced many issues. Vehicles like RV400, EPluto 7G, Nexon all them has to update their vehicle up to a very high extent after customer feedback and reviews.
Recently Pure EV has made a lot of changes in their policies, software, hardware, and not even Tata motors has to upgrade their BMS and regen software after a lot of complaints from the customers regarding extremely low range. So, buying the vehicle from the first batch of the company’s production would be a bad idea and can even give you an extremely bad experience.
Changes in pure EV scooters:
3. Poor Infrastructure and range anxiety:
Poor infrastructure is among the most pressing issue among people thinking to opt for electric vehicles. Poor infra doesn’t only include a lack of charging stations but also the lack of proper charging set up in their home. Charging a heavier electric car could be a major problem for any electric car owner if he/she lacks proper setup (Powerful MCB, wire, and earthing) near their place.
Range anxiety: This problem of mental pressure comes due to lack of charging infrastructure which is improving day by day but still required to improve a lot in this area.
Many companies are offering mad range for their EVs in ideal conditions like 200, 180, 150 but in real conditions, 150 km is like a dream and if you are from the category of an average Indian male with some luggage and riding in a city like a condition then you should be satisfied with a 100 km driving range. In electric cars, the loading capacity may not have much impact, but for small vehicles like electric scooters or electric bikes, even a small difference in driving conditions can impact your EV range a lot.
4. No Universal charger and Ecosystem (Lack of standardization):
Every second electric vehicle-making company has its own different charging port which is becoming a hurdle to setting up a proper charging ecosystem.
Also, many EV users complained about facing moral trouble for charging their vehicle in different EV-making company’s charging stations which can impact the growth of the EV industry.
Lack of standardization is a curse to the Indian electric vehicle industry; it’s damaging the present and future of the EV market. Every second electric scooter has its own different charging port, which affects the charging station infrastructure because no specific charging station can be built that can charge all types of electric vehicles. Also, the lack of standardization reduces the EV adoption rate in society-based communities.
Just like electric cars get a specific charging port (CCS-2), electric two and three-wheelers should maintain a similar standard to achieve the mass adoption of electric vehicles.
5. Temperature Issues:
Temperature can affect the performance of an EV battery at a large extent which makes EV’s inappropriate for too cold (Uttarakhand, Meghalaya) or too hot regions like (Rajasthan, Kerala). The battery can give its ideal performance when it’s in use under the temperature range of 15-40 degrees.
6. Very few academic and local skill awareness:
EV push is necessary along with the academic awareness and importance to the students of coming generations. Because the EV spare part and servicing industry is another essential part of the growth of EV’s. When one is stuck with their broke ICE vehicle, he/she can easily find a help or costumer support near them but when it’s about electric vehicles it’s surely a tedious task to find someone who can fix their issue or help them.
7. Less performance for ideal economy:
IC engine-driven vehicles are still way ahead of electric vehicles when it comes to performance. In order to make sure that an EV is giving the promised range it becomes highly important to drive the vehicle at lower performance and be aware of maximum usage of ‘regen‘.
8. Will increase the electricity demand at a national level:
It’s just a matter of assuming the increment in electricity demand when everyone in the city is using solely electricity to charge their vehicle. It’ll be a horrific increment in the demand for electricity and as of now, we are majorly dependent on burning fossils for generating electricity.
Until we use renewable sources of energy for generating electricity the EV revolution will be of no use.
9. Environmental concerns:
The EV revolution is necessary for the most populated and polluted parts of India like Delhi, Mumbai, etc. but in such cities the major chunk of electricity is generated through burning fossil fuels which are equivalent to spreading the pollution through the ICE vehicle smoke, even most of the charging stations are reportedly operating upon diesel-driven electricity generator.
So, the only solution to the emission problem is to use renewable energy sources. (Like Solar power, wind energy, tidal power, etc).
Shifting to renewable energy sources is equally important as shifting to electric mobility.
10. Servicing is in danger:
Servicing and spare parts are some of the most important parts for any vehicle, especially for vehicles facing Indian roads. Also, the quality of material offered in new-age electric vehicles are of very low quality and upon which the companies are adding some very high-tech functionalities like onboard GPS, touch screen panels, extremely delicate sensors. In some unfortunate period if even a light or indicators damages, you won’t have any other choice than replacing from the company itself (Which will be extremely costly). Because almost every company is using their costume made part in a highly vulnerable product like the vehicle it’ll cost a lot in a long term for the vehicle owners if even a very small defect like breaking of light takes place.
EV’s are inevitable and IC vehicle technology needs to completely vanish if not today then someday for sure. But what is more important is opting for EVs smartly. Be a smart investor and user of this growing goldmine industry.
All these points are presented here in front of you has gone through a lot of research, studies, and reviews. So please mind a share for this valuable piece of content and if you have any more points to add to this list please share with us in comments.
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